James Noble gave a talk at ECOOP 2009 called "the myths of object-orientation". When I read the paper version the following quote caught my eye:
When I was learning Smalltalk, [Brian Boutel] used to complain about “Californian” programming — no types, dynamic dispatch, a relaxed interactive programming environment — much warmer, and much less bracing, than Oregon or Glasgow that gave birth to his beloved Haskell. So I wonder if, like wine, do programming languages have terroir? What influence does the environment that nurtures a programming language, or a programming principle, or a myth, have on the result? Smalltalk is Californian, Dick Gabriel has described how Unix (and C) comes from the Bell Labs engineering culture, but what of the rest?
The talk as a whole is very much tongue-in-cheek, but the idea is intriguing even if it isn't to be taken too seriously. There's more discussion at Lambda the Ultimate.